Control over the use of radioactive substances has been in place since 1968 when Parliament passed the Radioactive Substances Act 1968. Due to the rapid development of atomic energy activities in Malaysia, more effective control is necessary. It was then that the Atomic Energy Licensing Act (Act 304) was passed by Parliament in April 1984.
In accordance with Section 3 of Act 304, on 1st February 1985 the Atomic Energy Licensing Board (AELB) was established and placed under the Prime Minister’s Department. AELB is a regulatory authority to enforce Act 304 and the subsidiary legislation. In 27th October, 1990, AELB was moved the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MOSTI). AELB consists of five members appointed by the minister. These members are all qualified in atomic energy-related scientific and technical domains.